THE ORDER HAS A STRICTLY HIERARCHICAL STRUCTURE, UNDER THE PONTIFICAL PROTECTION OF THE HOLY SEE, AND AT THE TOP OF WHICH IS THE CARDINAL GRAND MASTER, WHO, NAMED DIRECTLY BY THE HOLY FATHER, POPE FRANCIS, MANAGES AND GOVERNS THE ORDER.

IT WAS PIE XII WHO, IN 1949, ESTABLISHED THAT THE GREAT MASTER OF THE ORDER WOULD BE A CARDINAL, and awardING THE PATRIARCH OF JERUSALEM THE title OF GRAND PRIOR. his eminence, EDWIN cardinal O'BRIEN IS CURRENTLY fulfilling THIS IMPORTANT ROLE at THE HEAD OF THE ORDER.

THE GRand MAGISTerium is PRESIDED BY THE CARDINAL GRAND MASTER, who ASSISTs AND COLLABORATEs IN THE GOVERNance AND IN THE MANAGEMENT OF THE ORDER.

It meets twice a year and has the charge of preparing and executing the activities of the order in the different countries where the order is present, especially in the Holy Land.

IT APPROVES, IN ADDITION TO THE BALANCE SHEETS OF THE ENTIRE INSTITUTION, THE SPECIFIC PROJECTS OF aid THAT THE ORDER implements EVERY YEAR IN the HOLY land.

The Grand Master, His Eminence Edwin Cardinal O'Brien, His Holiness Pope Francis and the Pro-Grand Prior of the Latin Patriarchate of Jerusalem, His Excellency Monsignor Pierbattista Pizzaballa. Photo at the St. Clement Hall, Friday, November 16, 2018 at the Consulta, Vatican City.